Population: 48.6 million.
Urban population: 15.5 million.
Nationalities: Zhuang (32%), Han (62%), Yao (3%), Miao (1%), Dong (0.7%), and Gelao (0.4%).
Area: 236,700 km2
GDP (2007): CNY 588.6 billion
Climatic features: Subtropical, humid, monsoon climate; long, hot summers; warm, short winters;conspicuous dry and rainy seasons; one of China’s most rainy areas Average temperature: 6oC to 16oC in January, 25oC to 29oC in July.
Annual average rainfall: 1,250 – 1,750 mm in most areas, with higher precipitation on the seaward side of mountains; 80 percent of the rain falls from April to September.
Physical features: High in the northwest and low in the southeast; mountains on three sides; hills and plains in the middle and south; karst covers more than halt of the region; drained by western branches of the Pearl River; faces the Beibu Bay.
Products: Rice, wheat, corn, polatoes, millet, sorghum, rape, cassava, peanuts, sugar cane, tea, soybeans; ambary hemp, silk cocoons; tobacco; oranges, lychees, longans, bananas, pineapples, subtropical and tropical cash crops including rubber, coffee, pepper, sisal hemp, tea oil, and lemongrass; timber: aniseed, fennel oil, cassia bark; sea products; Manganese, bauxite, salt, coal, plaster stone, sulphur, tin, phosphorus, antimony, walfrom, iron, gold.
Administrative divisions: 11 cities, 65 counties and 12 autonomous counties.
Neighboring areas: Yunnan, Guizhou, Hunan and Guangdong Provinces.
Neighboring country: Vietnam.
Major cities: Nanning, Liuzhou, Guilin, Wuzhou, Beihai, Pingxiang, Baise.
Elevation extremes: Situated on the southeast ring of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, Guangxi stands high in the northwest and low in the southeast, with the highest point at 2,141 meters above sea level.
Climate: Situated in a region at low latitudes, Guangxi borders on the tropic sea in the south, and has mountain ranges in its northern part. Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau extends into western part of Guangxi. Under the joint action of the sun radiation and atmospheric circulation, the climate here is characterized by having a short winter and long summer with the annual temperature averaging between 16ºC and 23ºC.
The annual rainfalls in Guangxi are between 1,000-2,800 mm, growing gradually southward from the north. The rainfalls from April through September make up 75% of the annual rainfalls. The rainy season just coincide with the hot season.
Affected by abnormal advances and retreats of monsoon, Guangxi often sees changes in precipitation and temperature. Drought, floods, typhoon and hailstorms may frequently hit the area.
Water resources: Thickly crossed by rivers, Guangxi is rich in water resources. The water resources amounted to 174.13 billion cubic meters in 2005, with per capita share of this resource being 3,536 cubic meters. The average annual rainfall stood at 1,444.3 mm during the year.
Because of the abundant water resources, Guangxi is estimated to have energy potential with a power generating ability coming to 78.8 billion kw/h annually.
Minerals: Guangxi is known for having various mineral deposits, and it serves as one of the 10 important production bases of nonferrous metals in China. The number of proven mineral resources comes to 96, including 53 of which the deposits ranks 10th or above among provinces. The region has especially abundant reserves of manganese and tin, which amount for one third of the national total. In addition, Guangxi takes a leading role in having the reserves of vanadium, tungsten, antimony, silver, aluminum, talcum and so forth. What makes the province a favorite place for mineral development and production is that the mineral resources are found relatively concentrated lying beneath the earth.
Marine resources: The southern section of Guangxi is ringed by seacoast. The Beibu Bay, a natural semi-enclosed bay in the northwest of the South China Sea, covers an area of 129,300 square km, with the depth of water averaging 38 meters, the deepest point at 100 meters down.
Located in the tropic zone, the Beibu Bay provides a favorable environment for the breeding and growth of various fish species. It is home to over 500 types of fish and shellfish. Among them over 50 are of economic value. They include red snapper, grouper, Spanish mackerel, butterfish and red coat. The total fish resources amount to 750,000 tons. The Beibu Bay Fish Farm covers an area of some 40,000 square sea miles.
Sub-tropical vegetation and animals: By now, 929 kinds of land-based vertebrate animals are found in Guangxi, accounting for 43.3% of those found in China. Among these wild animals are 149 kinds which are rare species.
Guangxi ranks first among the Chinese provinces and autonomous regions in being home to the rare species of plants. About 8,354 wild plants have been found in the region, including 122 kinds which are near distinction and need special protection.
A kingdom of fruits: Among the 670 species of fruits growing in China, 110 take their roots in Guangxi. As the tropical or sub-tropical fruits account for 80% of the total growing there, Guangxi is regarded as a leading province in China to produce and export the delicacies. The region is well known for high-quality shaddock, banana, pineapple and orange. The year 2001 saw Guangxi producing a total of 4.05 million tons of fruits, ranking first among the Chinese provinces.
Vast stretches of natural forests: The survey made in 2005 showed that the forests in Guangxi occupied a land of 9.82 million hectares, accounting for 41.33% of the province’s total territory. Good climate and geographical location enable Guangxi to have as many as over 8,000 tree species, including more than 1,000 kinds of arbor. Most of the precious forest resources are seen concentrating in the northeast section and Baise area.
Tourist attraction: karst hills in Guilin.
Comments: the Beibu Gulf is a tropical fishing ground.
Tourism resources: The picturesque scenic spots in Guangxi are famous worldwide, symbolized by Guilin, a natural beauty produced by unique karst geography. At present, the province has established several tourist attractions including three state-level natural scenic spots, 11 state-level forest parks, 30 regional natural scenic spots, 15 state-level cultural and historical relics, 221 regional cultural and historical relics and one state-level tourist resort in Beihai City.